Monday, June 1, 2015

The Faces of Refugio Syndrome? Let's hope not.

The page has a video taken by a physician in Louisiana who is treating Gulf Syndrome.  This video is of three women presenting different problems all caused by the same event, the Gulf Spill.  

From the Page - 

" Gulf War Syndrome/BP Syndrome
This web site will concentrate on the issue of the Deepwater Horizon Debacle and the relationship between the illnesses suffered by victims of the oil spill when compared to the illnesses suffered by our veterans returning home from the 1991 Gulf war.  In both instances, there has been a successful effort to suppress the facts involving the horrific impacts on human health that are represented by both of these tragic events."

Monday, February 16, 2015

The Four Dog Defense

4 Dog Defense

By this time, the petrochemical industry had perfected its 4 dog defense. It worked so well in these toxic legacy cases that they are still using it with predictable regularity in spill events. It works like this:
  1. My Dog Does Not Bite.
  2. My Dog Bites, But It Didn't Bite You.
  3. My Dog Bit You. But It Didn't Hurt You.
  4. My Dog Bit You And Hurt You, But It Wasn't My Fault
Here is the counter strategy to the 4 dog defense. If all victims and their lawyers used this approach then the companies would have to change their behavior and policies while dealing with the real issues.

1. Know the breed of dog - learn all of the unique toxic characteristics and potential risks. Determine ways to fingerprint the toxic substance such as the wavelengths of fluorescence of the crude oil. Know the statistics about how often it has caused harm.  
2. Prove you were bitten - Prepare your health history and be prepared to show your "before and after" condition with pictures, if possible. Determine the exact nature of exposure and use techniques to date the time of exposure even if you have to dig up the waste pits and measure the radiation levels from nuclear tests to nail down the time frame. 

3. Proof of harm. Go to the doctor immediately.  Prepare your acute and chronic symptoms. Determine your level of maximum exposure. Compare your symptoms with those in this country and globally.    
4. Risk / reward - Show the chances of being injured. Compare damage with costs to avoid similar injury. Prepare lists of all previous fines and violations for problems of a similar nature. 

While Big Oil is watching you waste all your time and money in the usual ways, they always attack the messenger. This means that before addressing the arguments, they attack the credibility of witnesses (regardless of qualifications) to introduce doubt. They know time is on their side and you will soon run out of money.

The most important lessons are do not be afraid, prepare a defense for every offensive tactic, and always claim the moral high ground. Do not break the law to make your point because then you will be viewed as just another criminal in a never-ending parade of criminals. 

Now that we have seen how the petrochemical industry valued human life and how they responded to the risk of cancer following years of toxic exposure, let’s look at how Big Oil developed their ideas on short term exposure to massive pollution events and what could have been done to counter their defense.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Dave Lincoln, Whistle Blower

Why Big Oil Fears David Lincoln

Geologist / GIS Specialist / Analyst
25 yrs. of geotechnical background with a Master’s Degree in GIS and 15 yrs. experience as an Environmental Consultant, Supervisor and Instructor.
  • Adjunct Instructor in Geology and Geography courses at Arkansas State University.
  • Consultant and adviser to corporations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and municipalities.
  • Proven analytical and communication skills with demonstrated ability to meet tight energy industry deadlines.
  • Explored and frequently discovered oil and gas in more than 50 countries across six continents.

Recruited by the oil industry while still in High School for propaganda and PR purposes
UNOCAL - Union Oil of Calif.
1968 Southern Calif. - Toured Refineries, Supertankers, Texaco Union Mobil and Shell (THUMS) Production Islands in Long Beach, Antique Oil Fields in Santa Maria, Water Floods, Fire Floods, Tar Pits, etc.
!969 Los Angeles -Toured Field Offices, Paleo Lab, Research Center, Headquarters, Radio Studios for PR.
When I graduated from High School, Union Oil employed me every summer and part-time while at Univ. of Southern Calif. (USC) for 4 years.
1970 Coalinga Oil Field, (Roustabout/Mechanics Asst.) maintenance of evaporation ponds, Gas Compressors and Gas Plant, Pipeline Maintenance, Asst. to Field Operators and Mechanics.
1971 Los Angeles County – (Geol. Asst.) maintained Urban Production Sites, cleaned up oil spills around Gas Lift Operations, Gas Separators, Heater Treaters, Gas Compressor valves and worked as Researcher and Archivist in Headquarters library.
1972 – Huntington Beach (Field Operator) at Offshore Platform Eva – monitored Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition [SCADA] systems and alarm events. Measured pressure, volume, and temperature of 36 wells and a drilling rig. Determined percent Basic Sediments and Water [BS&W] in centrifuge and API Gravity in oils using hydrometer. Injected anti-corrosion chemicals into pipes and ran pigs monthly to clean pipelines, repaired wastewater pumps and gauged tank volumes.
1973 - Los Angeles (Field Operator 2) replaced downhole electric pumps and repaired pipelines and valves. (Paleo Lab Technician) Prepared subsurface drill cuttings for lithology descriptions and identifications of microfossils including foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils.
At the end of 4 years with UNOCAL, I was told that they could not hire me because I had changed my college major from Petroleum Engineering to Geology without their permission.
1974 – New Orleans (Geologist/ Micropaleontologist) correlated electric logs and contoured structure maps and recommended infill well locations in fault blocks and stratigraphic traps. Utilized seismic data and satellite imagery along with gravity, magnetic and porosity maps to recommend wildcat well locations with giant oil field potential. Created paleo-environmental maps to predict the depth of over-pressured shale throughout the Gulf Coast.
1975 Ark-La-Tex (Biostratigrapher) Described lithology, identified microfossils and interpreted paleo-environments from drill cuttings. Trained geologists on well-site supervision and examined samples under microscope to identify depth for casing points to avoid blowouts. Participated in Carbonate Seminar spelunking in Carlsbad, NM and snorkeling in the Bahamas. Conducted Delta Training School by seaplane in S. Louisiana for geologists and geophysicists.

1976 OxyLibya (Geologist)
Delineated ancient reefs in the Sirte Basin and defined carbonate depositional environments which resulted in commercial field discoveries. Assisted in the development and well site selection of several major fields. Recommended and drilled wildcat drilling prospects. Conducted pilot study to determine if carbon dioxide could provide uncontaminated, economic quantities for secondary recovery. Trained in hydrocarbon detections using mudlogging and flame ionization detectors. Supervised drilling operations including gas, fluids and cuttings analysis from the well bore to disposal. Drilled and analyzed subsurface cores and supervised Schlumberger logging and Halliburton drill stem tests.
1977 OxyLibya - N. Africa (Sr. Geologist) Trained and supervised well-site geologists and hydrologists. Mapped oil field structures to select and monitor development wells. Recommended against acquisition of oil and gas fields offshore Tunisia due to risks of hydrogen sulfide leaks on adjacent population centers. Evaluated carbon dioxide reservoirs for secondary recovery operations. Headed team of Libyan ground water hydrologists using Landsat data to investigate the cause and environmental impact of pressure drops in water wells which resulted in the discovery of a major new potable aquifer in the western desert. Supervised hydrocarbon detections using mudlogging and flame ionization detectors. Drilled and analyzed subsurface cores and directed Schlumberger logging and Halliburton production test crews.

TENNECO – Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company
1978 –1980 Houston (Sr. Geologist)
Developed a model to predict location and time of growth of salt structures which led to several wildcat discoveries. Generated successful prospects in Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida through the integration of gravity, aeromagnetics, seismic, log analysis and geochemistry.
!980 – 1985 Houston (Division Geologist)
Managed $20 million exploration drilling budget and responsible for the operation of 10 wildcat wells per year. Directed 16 professionals and staff and responsible for the quality of their recommendations. Supervised the development of computer-generated paleoenvironmental maps showing prospective hydrocarbon fairways. Assisted in the design and successful operation of a state-of-the-art, biostratigraphic laboratory. Provided career planning, and performance evaluation of geological and paleontological staff. Led the evaluation of the Texas State Lease Sales and Houston Oil and Minerals merger. Conducted geochemical study of hydrocarbon source rocks in outcrop and directed an offshore survey.
1985 - 1989 Tenneco - International Div. – Houston (Staff Geologist)
Generated exploration drilling prospects and obtained management approval to acquire acreage in eight countries including Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, India, Madagascar, Australia and Papua New Guinea. Conducted successful contract negotiations for production sharing contracts, joint ventures and service contracts. Delineated distribution of sand reservoirs utilizing seismic facies analysis and other seismic stratigraphic principles. Assisted in budget coordination, corporate planning and strategy development. Developed a plan to anticipate which countries would offer international lease sales two years in advance, Designated as Key Staff Advisor in the presentation and sale of the company’s International assets to five separate multi-national corporations resulting in more than $5 billion in sales. 

ENRON Oil and Gas (EOG Resources)
1989 – 1990 Enron Oil Int'l - Houston (Regional Exploration Coordinator)
Responsible for coordination and operation of Enron Asia-Pacific exploration activities. Duties included regional basin analysis, acreage evaluation, prospect generation and strategic planning. Also analyzed competitor activity in the region and prepared reports of attractive acreage opportunities. Initially worked as consultant to assess potential of Malaysia and Pakistan concessions. Proposed and budgeted a marine geochemical and seismic study in offshore Sabah, Malaysia.
1990 - 1992 - Enron Oil Malaysia Inc., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Exploration Manager)
Responsible for coordination and strategic planning for all Asia-Pacific oil and gas exploration activities. Developed exploration strategies using seismic, remote sensing and geochemical analyses. Primary function involved supervision of the exploration program in Malaysia and Indonesia. Also responsible for the generation of prospects and economic evaluations throughout Asia. Worked with government oil companies on bid tendering, budget approvals and negotiation for work commitment and 5 year plans. Acquired seismic and gravity surveys and supervised Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and site surveys. Prepared well prognosis and logging programs for the drilling of two offshore wells and planned the well programs for and supervised two onshore wildcats. Responsible for well-site evaluation and post-drill interpretation of four wells.

1992/-1994 - Ecodrill Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur (Geological Consultant)
Evaluated prospective acreage for Canadian and US companies interested in Far East acquisitions. Created and marketed farmout and joint venture oil and gas packages to potential investors. Managed personnel search and placement services for the Petrochemical Industry and facilitated training for entry-level employees. Prepared and evaluated tender documents for well-evaluation personnel and services. Contracted to US and Australian companies (i.e. WMC, now BHP) for wellsite supervision and geological operations for 4 wildcat wells. 

PARES (Petroleum and Reservoir Engineering Services)
1994 - 1996 - PARES Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Technical Director) ,
Prepared petroleum reserve evaluations for investors in the Asia-Pacific region and recommended opportunities for equity participation as well as project management. Technical Advisor to Petroconsultants Inc. (now IHS) for International Oil and Gas Field reports. Conducted detailed technical and economic assessments of under-developed oil fields in the Indus Basin of Pakistan. Involved with the evaluation of gas fields in the Cambay Basin in India which significantly increased bookable reserves. Completed the post-drill evaluation, transition and reports for Enron Oil Malaysia. Contributed to the development of undeveloped reserves in the N. Malay Basin near the Vietnam border. One of the first Americans allowed to explore for oil inside Vietnam following the lifting of the post-war embargo.
At the conclusion of my commitment to Enron Oil, I returned to the U.S and left the Oil and Gas industry for good. I then immediately began working for environmental organizations.

1996 – 1997 Greenpeace- Boston, MA. (Campaigner / Fundraiser)
Participated in projects and actions to support the Energy, Toxics, and Sustainable Fisheries Campaigns. Coordinated all research in the office and was key contributor on several publications. Mapped Essential Fish Habitats for a number of fish species from geological and fisheries survey data. As fisheries campaigner, participated in regional fisheries council meetings and provided testimony, which aided in passage of federal legislation to ban Factory Trawlers on the East Coast. Conducted public lectures on Whaling and Protection of Marine Mammals. 

1999 - 2005 Commonwealth Corporation – Boston, MA. (Development Specialist/ Outreach Coordinator)
Wrote grants and developed Marine Technology and Trades career ladders and training programs. Developed and distributed outreach materials about retraining and social services for displaced fishermen and spouses. Coordinated and analyzed success of fish quality improvement program in Massachusetts. Instrumental in developing collaborative research programs in New England. Wrote and coordinated successful Pollution Grant to study Massachusetts fishing grounds. Conducted needs assessment and community audit of North Shore communities. Presented position papers on Safety, Disaster Assistance, and fisheries legislation. Helped fishermen attain affordable health insurance. Served as industry advisor to the Habitat Committee of the New England Fishery Management Council. Created and maintained fishermen’s websites for habitat preservation and lobster conservation.

2006 – 2010 EBSCO Information Services, Ipswich MA (Supervisor)
Managed 20 professional abstractors and responsible for quality control. Maintained and tested database of more than 300,000 publications and magazines. Authority for 2000 technical journals on environment and health in four languages. Evaluated auto-summarizers and extractors from a 6 million keyword index and created Global Warming online database.

2013 – Present Arkansas State University – Mountain Home, AR. (Adjunct Instructor)
Taught Geology along with Physical and World Geography to college students. Prepared approved curriculum for new courses on Introduction to Geographic Information Systems and Introduction to Geography.

1997 - Present Greenlite Consultants – Mass.- Arkansas (Environmental Consultant)
Prepared maps and evidence for natives of Ecuador in their environmental justice suit against Amazon pollution. Conducted risk analysis and provided expert testimony in case involving an oil spill in Massachusetts. Evaluated Proposed Remedial Action Plans (PRAPs) for Superfund cleanup and brownfields along Hudson River. Conducted successful campaign regarding construction of the world's longest undersea gas pipeline from Canada to the US. Evaluated safety and risk factors for offshore Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminals near Boston, MA. Worked as investigative journalist and environmental columnist for “Commonsense” newspaper and “NativeGloucester” web magazines. . Successfully campaigned to extend the Canadian Moratorium on Oil and Gas Drilling Offshore Georges Bank. Conducted training seminars on alternative energy scenarios in the Northeast for the Sierra Club and other environmental groups. Served as Vice-chairman on the Executive Committee of the Arkansas Sierra Club. Campaigned against the Keystone XL Pipeline and created videos and Apps to build support.

M.S. – Geo Information Science- Salem State Univ., Salem, MA - 2007
Graduate Studies in Geology - Tulane University, New Orleans, LA - 1976
B.Sc. Geology - University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA - 1974

Awards and Scholarships
Graduate Research Assistantship, Salem State College
Cal-State Scholarship - 4-yr. Academic Scholarship to Univ. of Southern Calif.
Martin Van Couvering Science Award for Academic Excellence
Technical Training Courses Management Training Courses
Environmental Medicine: An Integrative Approach
GIS Curriculum
Advanced Survey Methods

Leadership Studies – Salem State College

Advanced Geographic Information Systems
How to Evaluate Int’l Projects

Spatial Database Design and Analysis

Finance and Accounting. Practices

Interpretation of Remote Sensing Imagery

Organizational Action - Creative Leadership

Computer Cartography

Managing Exploration Risk

Geo-Hazards of North America

Human Resource Management

How to Evaluate and Develop Int’l Proj. - Tulsa Univ.

Forecasting Oil and Gas Trends - Enron
Principles of Tectonics – OGCI

Seismic Facies Analysis - Geoquest Intl
Structural Geology – OGCI

Abnormal Pressure Seminar - Tenneco
Carbonate Deposition – Tenneco

Formation Evaluation - Schlumberger
Reservoir Engineering – Tenneco

Exploration for Deepwater Sandstones - AAPG
Practical Mudlogging – Exlog

Exploration for Carbonate Reservoirs - ERICO
Delta Seminar – Texaco

Applied Petroleum Geology - OGCI
Coastal Depositional Processes – LSU

Stratigraphic Interpretation of Seismic Data - HGS


Experienced with mapping and analytical software including ArcView 9.1 and ArcGIS extensions such as Spatial Analyst, Survey Analyst etc. Familiar with Idrisi, Carlson, Oracle, SQL and Surfer. Also, expert in application packages such as MS Office, Access, Project, Front Page, as well as many graphics and drawing programs. Experienced with Emergency Assessment and Response software including Cameo, Marplot, Aloha, and Adios.

  • Lincoln, D. 2010 Deep Horizons Exposed E-Book 171 pp.
This book is the untold story of how BP and the oil industry have poisoned water resources in North America.
  • Lincoln, D and Keith, D. 2009 The Hidden Cost of Oil: New Orleans to Indonesia
Environmental Rights International, Conway, MA 226 pp. Available from Amazon
  • Monosson, E and Lincoln, D "Comparison of PCBs, Organochlorine Pesticides, and Trace Metals in Cod Liver from Georges Bank and Stellwagen Bank." Marine Pollution Bulletin. June 2006, Volume 52, Issue 5 , May 2006, Pages 591-597. Principal Investigator and co-author of a comprehensive examination of chemical pollutants found in New England groundfish. Results showed significant improvement in marine pollution levels since the previous study published 30 years ago.
  • Lincoln, D. "Lobsters on the Edge." Env. Science - Habitat Section. University of Maine, January 2002, On-Line. Peer-reviewed paper which combines comprehensive information on lobster biology and ecology with oceanographic and geological data from New England in order to define Essential Lobster Habitats.